Food

12 Outlandish Facts About Longan (Lam Yai)

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Longan (Lam Yai) is the fruit of an evergreen longan tree found in China, Taiwan, Vietnam and Indonesia.

  1. Longan’s skin is thin and dense, but in fact, it is very easy to peel off. Longan’s color ranges from brown to yellowish red, and the flesh is translucent, white, or pinkish. The juicy pulp of Longan has a sweet, juicy, highly aromatic taste with a distinct musk flavor.
  2. Longan tastes like lychee and in general, these two fruits are very similar. Like the Chinese lychees, the longan fruit contains a hard, dark red or black seed. Longan grows in clusters on evergreen trees, the height of which can reach ten to twenty meters.
  3. Harvesting season: June-August. Longan grows mainly in the northern regions of Thailand, in the township of Chiang Mai and Lamphun.
  4. Longan’s homeland is either land west of Burma or the area of ​​origin of Litchi in China. It is in these regions that they are grown on a large scale. Longan has another name – “longyan” – which means “dragon’s eye” in Chinese.
  5. Longan is believed to be originally grown in southern India and the island of Sri Lanka.
  6. Longan is sold as grapes, in bunches. The skin of a ripe fruit must be firm, and cracks in the skin are unacceptable. More ripe is not the longan that has just been plucked from the tree, but the one that has already lain a little on the store counter. Try longan before buying, as the fruits are sweeter or more acidic.
  7. Longan can be stored for two to three days at room temperature or five to seven days in the refrigerator.
  8. Longan contains many vitamins and minerals, including iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and potassium, as well as high amounts of vitamins A and C.
  9. Recent studies of euphoria have shown that the fruit also contains phenols such as gallic acid, ellagic and corylagic acids, indicating the fact that the fruit can have antioxidant properties, reduce the negative effects of chemotherapy and protect the liver.
  10. Longan contains riboflavin and is a natural source of polysaccharides, supporting cellular health.
  11. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, Longan is mainly used as a tonic. Toning is mainly necessary for diseases whose symptoms are fatigue, dizziness, heart palpitations, pallor, and impaired vision.
  12. Besides, the fruit is also used to normalize sleep, reduce unreasonable anxiety, calm and revitalize attention.

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