Food

23 Amazing Facts About Peas

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If you intend to grow peas, you will have to put in a lot of effort, as this plant can sometimes be quite moody and does not want to grow properly. However, everything is relative – if it were so difficult, peas would not be grown all over the world in incredible quantities. In addition, this plant is very valuable, and dishes from it can be found in the cuisines of various nations.

  1. The very concept of heredity in biology was discovered thanks to peas. The Austrian scientist Mendel studied this plant, and thanks to his research, heredity was discovered.
  2. As an experiment, peas were grown on the ISS in zero gravity.
  3. Farmers know that after peas, other crops grow very well in their former place. This is because the roots of this plant contain a lot of nitrogen, which is a valuable fertilizer. After harvesting the pea crop, the roots remain in the ground and rot, enriching the soil.
  4. Archaeologists have established that peas became the first cultivated plant that was grown by people thousands of years ago in Central Asia and the Middle East.
  5. Peas were part of wedding ceremonies among a number of peoples, in particular among the Poles.
  6. The starch obtained from it is used in the production of modern bioplastics.
  7. A thousand years ago, peas were the most widely grown crop in the British Isles.
  8. The ancient Chinese considered peas, not rice, to be a symbol of wealth and fertility.
  9. More than half of the world’s total pea crop is harvested in three countries – China, Russia, and Canada. But the leadership in its production is firmly held by the Chinese.
  10. In the Middle Ages, peas in Europe were as important a part of the diet as rice in Asia.
  11. At the end of the 19th and the first half of the 20th centuries, pea sausage, which was made from pea flour, bacon, and meat, was consistently included in the army’s diet.
  12. People have been eating peas since time immemorial, but the so-called “green peas”, that is, not yet ripe, began to be eaten about three hundred years ago.
  13. Peas are the seeds of peas. Strictly speaking, they do not belong to vegetables.
  14. There are seven types of peas in the world. There are much fewer kinds of beans, of which there are several hundred.
  15. Among all the vegetable crops used for food, peas are second only to lentils in terms of protein content. Beans are slightly inferior to him in this parameter.
  16. Archaeologists have discovered pea seeds in Switzerland, which are about 20 thousand years old.
  17. The protein content of peas is comparable to that of beef. True, this is a vegetable protein, not an animal protein, but it is useful and well absorbed.
  18. Eating peas regularly in moderation helps the body flush out excess bile and also reduces the risk of blood clots in the blood vessels.
  19. Common peas, the same ones that are grown in almost all countries, can grow up to two meters in height.
  20. It contains a huge amount of fiber, which helps to remove toxins and excess fluid from the body.
  21. When and where people first began to cultivate peas is not known for certain. But in Ancient China and Ancient India, he was already widely known. True, flour was usually made from it.
  22. The total harvest of peas around the world is about 15 million tons per year.
  23. Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States, was fond of growing peas in his spare time. On his land, he cultivated about thirty varieties of this plant.

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